Inline centrifugal fans (Greenheck model TCB) are not recommended for high temperature continuous exhaust applications. The reason is based solely on the inline centrifugal fan design, which has the impeller at the inlet of the housing. As seen on the following diagram, the fan housing becomes pressurized and heated to the temperature of the incoming air. Leakage of heated air and heat transfer through the bearing cover and belt tube reduce the life of the bearings and motor. Our recommendation is not to exceed 200° F with inline centrifugal fans.
Typical applications for vane axial fans involve exhausting or supplying clean, ambient air. Greenheck's recommendation for continuous high temperature operation is 110° F for direct drive vane axials, where the motor is in the airstream, and 200° F for belt drive vane axials, where the motor is out of the airstream.For emergency smoke ventilation involving temperatures above 200° F, please contact us.
CFM(low) = CFM(high) x [RPM(low) / RPM(high)]
Ps(low) = Ps(high) x [RPM(low) / RPM(high)]2
BHP(low) = BHP(high) x [RPM(low) / RPM(high)]3
Minimum horsepower for centrifugal and industrial fans is based on either the operating brake horsepower or the minimum starting horsepower of the fan. Operating brake horsepower is an obvious limit to the minimum motor horsepower, since the motor horsepower must exceed the operating brake horsepower for the fan to work. Minimum starting horsepower is based solely on the horsepower required to get the fan wheels rotating. Minimum starting horsepower begins to become a significant factor for single width wheels above size 49 and double width sizes above 44. For example, it is possible to have 49-BISW performance that requires less than one brake horsepower, but the minimum starting horsepower is 7.5 HP.
There are numerous reasons why fans fail to perform as specified. But first, it is important to understand what defines acceptable performance. According to AMCA Publication 200, a fan installed in a ventilation system should expect a tolerance of +/- 7.5% for flow (cfm). In other words, a fan which produces 1,000 cfm in a lab environment should provide a volume flow rate of 925 to 1,075 cfm when installed in a properly designed ventilation system. Volume flow rates which fall below this range are typically the results of variances in system static pressure or mechanical problems with the fan. Common symptoms include:
- Obstructions in the duct system - closed dampers, closed registers, dirty filters, clogged coils
- Obstructions in the fan inlet - elbows to close to the inlet, walls too close to the inlet
- Duct design - improperly designed turning vanes, leaks in supply or exhaust ducts
- Fan related - impeller running backwards, fan speed too low, impeller dirty or clogged, clearances between inlet cone and wheel cone are incorrect.
There are eight questions you need answered to accurately select a special coating for a fan.
1. What specific chemicals are involved?
2. What are the concentration levels of these chemicals?
3. What will the airstream temperature be?
4. What is relative humidity of airstream?
5. What amount of time will the fan see this environment? (continuous or intermittent)
6. What part of the country will the fan be located? (seaboard, snow country or desert)
7. What are the specifications or requirements for this coating?
8. What part of the fan is to be coated? (interior, exterior or entire)
Greenheck offers centrifugal fans meeting UL Listing criteria that align under three UL Standards: Power Ventilators (UL 705), Power Ventilators for Smoke Control, and Power Ventilators for Restaurant Exhaust (UL-762).
UL-705 is concerned with mechanical and electrical construction that assures safe operation of the fan. UL-705 is offered on: inline models AX, TBI-CA, TBI-FS, TDI, TCB, TCBRS, TCBRU, TCF, QEI(D) VAD(S), VAB(S), TAUB, TAUB-CA and TAUD; lab exhaust fan models Vektor-H, HS, MD, MH, MS, CD, CH and CS; and scroll housing centrifugal models SFB, SFD, USF, CSW, FJC, FJI, BIDW, and AFDW.
Power Ventilators for Smoke Control is concerned with the removal of smoke laden, and potentially high temperature vapors in the event of an emergency. This listing is available on: inline models AX, TBI-FS, TCF, QEI(D), TAUB; and scroll housing centrifugal model CSW.
UL-762 is concerned with fans designed for the removal of smoke and grease laden vapors with airstream temperatures up to 375º F. UL-762 is available on: inline models TCB and QEI; lab exhaust fan model Vektor-H; and scroll housing centrifugal models USF and CSW.