The fan laws should be used to determine how a fan would perform on low speed.
CFM(low) = CFM(high) x [RPM(low) / RPM(high)]
Ps(low) = Ps(high) x [RPM(low) / RPM(high)]2
BHP(low) = BHP(high) x [RPM(low) / RPM(high)]3
There are numerous reasons why fans fail to perform as specified. But first it is important to understand what defines acceptable performance. According to AMCA Publication 200, a fan installed in a ventilation system should expect a tolerance of +/- 7.5% for flow (cfm). In other words, a fan that produces 1,000 cfm in a lab environment should provide a volume flow rate of 925 to 1,075 cfm when installed in a properly designed ventilation system. Volume flow rates falling below this range are typically the result of variances in system static pressure or mechanical problems with the fan.
Common symptoms include:
- Obstructions in the duct system - closed dampers, closed registers, dirty filters, clogged coils
- Obstructions in the fan inlet - elbows too close to the inlet, walls too close to the inlet
- Duct design - improperly designed turning vanes, leaks in supply or exhaust ducts
- Fan related - impeller running backwards, fan speed too low, impeller dirty or clogged, clearances between inlet cone and wheel cone are incorrect
There are eight questions to have answered to select a special coating for a fan.
1. What specific chemicals are involved?
2. What are the concentration levels of these chemicals?
3. What will the airstream temperature be?
4. What is the relative humidity of airstream?
5. What amount of time will the fan see this environment? (continuous or intermittent)
6. What part of the country will the fan be located? (seaboard, snow country or desert)
7. What are the specifications or requirements for this coating?
8. What part of the fan is to be coated? (interior, exterior or entire)